[GIT] The git commands that I often use

I just list the git commands that I often use and keep in this document for reference.

// pull the newest commit from origin
git pull origin "your branch"

// check out to a branch
git checkout "your branch name"

// apply the diff file
git apply "your diff file"

// Check the diff
git diff [your file]

// code commit
git commit -a -m "This is bug."

// push commit to remote site,
git push "your remote site" "your branch"

// repository name
git remote rm origin
git remote add origin git@...git
git remote set-url origin git@...git

// add new remote repository name
git remote add "remote repository name" ssh://.......

//Force to go back the current newest commit
git reset --hard HEAD
HEAD^ // the previous commit
HEAD~2 // the previous two commit
git reset --hard eb2b844 // the previous a commit with your hash code
--soft // the change will be added to stage
--hard // all the change will be deleted

//cancel the modification of some files.
git checkout -- <file>

// modify the last commit
git commit --amend

// reset the change of some files
git reset HEAD <file>

// reset the merge
git reset

// clean up the changes
git cleanup -f

// checkout a branch
git checkout "branch"
// checkout a branch to new branch with track
git checkout -t -b bcm origin/bcm

// look up the commit hash
git log  
// cherry pick the commit
git cherry-pick "hash code"

// push to remote repository
git push remote repository name "branch"

// use GUI to see the diff, commit and branch tree
gitk --all&

// merge the branch to this branch
git merge "branch"

// There are several mergetools, such as, kdiff3/meld/p4merge
// I suggest to use p4merge/meld
// the difftool "p4merge" to see the diff of two commit with the cc files
git difftool -t p4merge aa202d3..be15911907d9 -- *.cc
git mergetool -t p4merge myfile.cc

// keep the temp modification
git stash
// check the stash list
git stash list
// apply the stash
git stash apply --index
// to apply the stash and then immediately drop it from your stack.
git stash pop
// create a branch from a stash
git stash branch "your stash branch name"

// Undo a commit and redo
git commit ...              (1)
git reset --soft HEAD~1     (2)
<< edit files as necessary >> (3)
git add ....                (4)
git commit -c ORIG_HEAD     (5)

// Remove all .pyc or .xxx files
find . -name "*.pyc"; -exec git rm -f {} \;

// Remove a file in remote repository without deleting local file
git rm --cached your_file_here

// Set ignore file:
git config --global core.excludesfile ~/.gitignore_global

// Ignore SSL verification
env GIT_SSL_NO_VERIFY=true git command
or set to config:
git config http.sslVerify "false"

// Get sources after commit id
git checkout 336e1731fd8591c712d029681392e5982b2c7e6b src/abc/*

// *** Avoiding annoying merge commits:
git pull --rebase origin master
git pull --rebase origin

// Avoiding to merge or commit your customised configs:
git update-index --assume-unchanged [filepath]

// Putting back and tracking the files above:
git update-index --no-assume-unchanged [filepath]


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