[Python] The a little thing about argument and kwargs

You can use **kwargs to let your functions take an arbitrary number of keyword arguments:
>>> def print_keyword_args(**kwargs):
...     # kwargs is a dict of the keyword args passed to the function
...     for key, value in kwargs.iteritems():
...         print "%s = %s" % (key, value)
>>> print_keyword_args(first_name="John", last_name="Doe")
first_name = John
last_name = Doe
You can also use the **kwargs syntax when calling functions by constructing a dictionary of keyword arguments and passing it to your function:
>>> kwargs = {'first_name': 'Bobby', 'last_name': 'Smith'}
>>> print_keyword_args(**kwargs)
first_name = Bobby
last_name = Smith
is equivalent to

How to convert a string to dict?
Starting in Python 2.6 you can use the built-in ast.literal_eval:
>>> import ast
>>> ast.literal_eval("{'muffin' : 'lolz', 'foo' : 'kitty'}")
{'muffin': 'lolz', 'foo': 'kitty'}
This is safer than using eval. As its own docs say:
>>> help(ast.literal_eval)
Help on function literal_eval in module ast:

    Safely evaluate an expression node or a string containing a Python
    expression.  The string or node provided may only consist of the following
    Python literal structures: strings, numbers, tuples, lists, dicts, booleans,
    and None.


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