Thursday, December 13, 2012

[SWIG] How to add C function in Python by using SWIG

Here is a simple example to use SWIG to automatically wrap C function and generate a wrapper and build a shared library for python.

/*** File : example.c ***/
#include 
<time.h>
double My_variable = 3.0;
int fact(int n) {
if (n <= 1) return 1;
else return n*fact(n-1);
}
int my_mod(int x, int y) {
return (x%y);
}
char *get_time()
{
time_t ltime;
time(&ltime);
return ctime(&ltime);
}
/*************************/


/*** example.i ***/
%module example
%{
/* Put header files here or function declarations like below */
extern double My_variable;
extern int fact(int n);
extern int my_mod(int x, int y);
extern char *get_time();
%}
extern double My_variable;
extern int fact(int n);
extern int my_mod(int x, int y);
extern char *get_time();
/******************/
Another example:
/* File : example.c */

double  My_variable  = 3.0;

/* Compute factorial of n */
int fact(int n) {
  if (n <= 1)
    return 1;
  else
    return n*fact(n-1);
}

/* Compute n mod m */
int my_mod(int n, int m) {
  return(n % m);
}

/* File : example.i */
%module example
%{
/* Put headers and other declarations here */
extern double My_variable;
extern int    fact(int);
extern int    my_mod(int n, int m);
%}

extern double My_variable;
extern int    fact(int);
extern int    my_mod(int n, int m);

What if you have some pointer arguments in C ? How to deal with it in Python? 

For example:void add(double a, double b, double *result) {
 *result = a + b;
}
Please refer to this document. It will give you the nametype mapping in SWIG.http://www.swig.org/Doc1.3/Arguments.html





Post a Comment